Wood pellets uses
Wood pellets are usually used in 3 areas: heat supply, industrial boilers, and power generation.
Home heating, heat supply
They can be used in pellet heating stove and furnace. They can connect with pipes, boilers, and heating radiators to build a heating system at home. Wood pellets are clean, with little ash residues. It is convenient to store, transport, and use.
Industrial boiler fuels
Wood pellets are used in industrial boilers as an alternative for coal and natural gas. Conventional fuels usually have the problems of pollution or high cost. Wood pellets are carbon neutral, with little sulfur or nitrogen content.
Thermal and gasification power generation
Wood pellets also serves as fuel for thermal power generation and gasification power generation. It has high heat value and low pollutant emission. Many countries have carried out policies to encourage biomass power generation.
Advantages of wood pellet fuels
- High heat value. The calorific value of wood pellets is between 3900-4800Kcal/kg. The carbonized wood pellets have the heat value of 7000-8000Kcal/kg.
- High purity. Wood pellets have 75-85% carbon, 3-6% ash, 1-3% water, with little impurities.
- Wood pellets don’t contain quinalphos that cause boiler corrosion. It can prolong the working life of boilers so as to save equipment cost.
- The burning of biomass pellets don’t generate SO2 or P2O5, so it has little pollution to the atmosphere.
- Wood pellets are clean, small and uniform in size. It is easy to use in stoves and boilers. It can be fed automatically with a feeder, and save labor cost.
- Burning wood pellets generate a small quantity of ash residues. It can save the space for slag piling, and the cost for treatment. The ash of wood pellet fuels are high quality organic potash fertilizer that is recyclable.
- As a renewable energy, wood pellets has received subsidies from governments in many countries. With more restrictions on polluting fuels, wood pellets will have more advantages.
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